Most of Maryland's historically black colleges and universities began in the 19th-century as secondary schools or teaching colleges. Today, they are respected universities with a wide array of programs and degrees.
- Bowie State University
Though the school began in 1864 in a Baltimore church, in 1914 it was relocated to a 187-acre tract in Prince Georges County. It first offered 4-year teaching degrees in 1935.
Since then, this public university has become a diverse institution with educational opportunities at the baccalaureate, master's and doctoral levels in its schools of business, education, arts and sciences and professional studies.
- Coppin State College
Founded in 1900 at what was then called Colored High School, the school offered a one-year training course for elementary school teachers. By 1938, the curriculum expanded to four years, and the school began granting bachelors of science degrees. In 1963, Coppin moved beyond just granting teaching degrees.
Today students earn undergraduate degrees in 24 majors and graduate degrees in nine subjects in the schools of arts and sciences, education, and nursing.
- Morgan State University
Beginning as a private Bible college in 1867, Morgan expanded to become a teaching college, awarding its first baccalaureate degree in 1895. Morgan remained a private institution until 1939 when the state purchased the school in response to a study that determined that Maryland needed to provide more opportunities for its black citizens.
Offering more than 35 undergraduate degrees, 21 masters and 11 doctoral programs, Morgan State's well-rounded curriculum attracts students from all over the country. About 35% of its students are from outside Maryland.
- Sojourner-Douglass College
The only private, predominantly African-American institution of higher learning in Maryland, SDC focuses on management and administration and the social sciences. It also offers undergraduate teaching degrees. The school's graduate students can earn a Masters in Applied Social Sciences. Many of the students are adults returning to school or beginning their college education.
- University of Maryland, Eastern Shore
Founded in 1886 as the Delaware Conference Academy, the institution has had several name changes and governing bodies. It was Maryland State College from 1948 until 1970. Now it is one of the 13 campuses of University System of Maryland.
In addition to a Bachelor of General Studies, undergrads have the option to earn Bachelor of Arts degrees in 10 subjects and Bachelor of Science degrees in 21 majors. Three master's and three doctoral programs are offered in subjects like marine estuarine and environmental sciences, toxicology and food science.